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Location of Katsina in Nigeria

Katsina is an old city of Northern Nigeria 160 miles East of the city of Sokoto, and 84 m. N.W. of Kano, close to the border with Niger. Latitude 13 N., Long. 7.41'E. Katsina lies on the river of the same name, which is a tributary of the River Benue. Katsina is capital of Katsina State and the centre of an agricultural region producing groundnuts, cotton, hides, millet and guinea corn.


Surrounded by city walls 13 miles (21 km) in length, Katsina is believed to have been founded circa 1500. In pre-Islamic times Katsina's semi-divine ruler was known as the Sarki, who faced a summary death-sentence if found to be ruling incompetently. From the 17th to the 18th century, Katsina was the commercial heart of hausaland and became the largest of the seven Hausa city-states. Katsina was conquered by the Fulani in 1807, becoming subsidiary to nearby Kano. In 1903 the Emir accepted British rule.


The city has steel and groundnut oil mills, and a famous mosque. In August 2000, Katsina became one of the first Northern Nigerian states to adopt Islamic Sharia law. Alhaji Umaru Musa Yar'adua was elected in May 1999 as the state's First Civilian Governor after the demise of the Military Dictatorship in the country. The state saw rapid growth in terms of agriculture and commerce. ICT is an area where the state has just started taking seriously. N.I.V.Internet Services in partnership with the state Government, is seriously exploring areas of co-orporation so that all the secondary schools leavers in the state are computer literate.

In 2006, The state Government invited some indegineous professionals in different fields to an economic development summit with a view to chart a blueprint for developing the state within 5-10 years.



Katsina State (State, North-Central Nigeria). The State was carved out of the old Kaduna State in September 1989. It is bounded in the north by Niger Republic, in the east by Kano State, in the south by Kaduna State and by Sokoto State in the west.

The state is made up of two emirates which feature prominently in the establishment of the seven Hausa Kingdoms.

The lineage between Bayajida and Daurama produced the founders of Daura, Katsina, Zaria, Kano, Rano Gobir and Biram. The legendary Kusugu well where the snake called Sarki was slain is one of the tourist attractions of Daura.

Katsina was founded by Kumayo and before the Fulani conquest had been an important seat of learning and a commercial centre of the trans-Saharan Trade. It provided one of the earliest education centres of the north.


The state government in its bid to provide effective and comprehensive health care services for all and sundry expanded and upgraded all existing health centres. Rural health centres in Bakori and Faskari have been converted into General Hospitals. The Government also constructed the Katsina Specialist Hospital in its-effort to provide special health care services. There is a children's hospital located at Malumfashi.


Katsina consists largely of scrub vegetation with some wooded savanna in the south. There are 34 local government areas in the state namely as shown on the left hand side. The indigenes are Hausa and Fulani with pockets of other ethnic groups such as the Ibos and Yorubas.


Katsina State Government attaches a lot of importance to education. Scholarships are awarded to deserving indigenes to study relevant courses in institutions of higher learning at home and abroad.

In the field of special education, adequate plans have been made to provide each Local Government with special schools for the blind. The state has also established an Education Resource Centre with Headquarters at Dutsin-Ma. The Centre has the responsibility of inspecting schools, designing and developing curriculum and ensuring effective supervision of teaching in schools.

The state's industrial policy objectives include improving living standard, provision of regular employment, balanced industrial growth through establishment of industries in rural areas. Katsina state has large deposit of kaolin and asbestos and other needed minerals for good industrial take off.

Katsina is one of the few states in the country where crops are grown all the year round. Apart from farming during the rainy season, dry season farming is done along river banks and along the numerous dams built by the State and Federal Governments.



Historical Development: Katsina was one of the prejihad hausa city states which was conquered and annexed into the Sokoto caliphate by Mallam Urnmarun Dallaji in the early part of the 19th Century.

After the British colonial conquest in 1903, the erstwhile Katsina and Daura emirates became Katsina Province of the former Northern region of Nigeria. Later, Katsina and Zaria Provinces together formed the North Central State under the Gowon regime's twelvestate structure.

North Central State was left intact in 1976 when the number of states were increased to nineteen under the new name of Kaduna State. Katsina State came into existence on the 23rd of September, 1987 covering the same area of the former Katsina Province of the defunct Northern Region.

Its creation along with Akwa lbom State, raised the number of states from nineteen to twen tyone under the then Babangida military administration. Thence forth, the agitation for the creation of Katsina State, which dated back to over a decade under an umbrella organisation called the Movement for the Creation of Katsina State, came to rest. (Udo and Mamman, 1993).

Administrative Structure: Three tiers of gov ernment exist in the state namely; executive, legislature and judiciary. The executive arm is administered through the State Executive council which is headed by the governor.

The current Governor being Alhaji Umar Musa 'Yar'Adua (the younger brother of late General Shehu Musa Yar'Adua of blessed memory), democratically elected on the platform of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). Other members of the Executive Council include the Commissioners (who head ministries); various parastatals are either under the office of the gover nor, or other related ministries.

The legislature is headed by the Speaker of the state House of Assembly, his deputy, chief whip, majority and minority leaders; a registrar of the house serves as the Secretary and head of the non legislative officers. The judiciary is headed by the Chief Judge.

Local Government Structures: Each local government has two tiers; the executive and the leaislature. The executive wind is headed by the Chairman, others include the officers heading various departments and a secretary. The legislative arm is made up of the Speaker, his deputy and eight councillors.

Indigenous Structure: This is headed by the Katsina and Daura Emirate Councils which are headed by the Emirs. Each emirate is subdivided into districts, which are headed by district heads (hakirnai). Each district is also made up of villages headed by village heads (or dagatai). Further, towns wards and hamlets are headed by the Masu anguwa or ward/hamlet heads.

Due to the vast arable land which nature has bestowed on the State, it is currently playing a leading role in commodity/food production namely: cotton, groundnut, millet, guinea corn, maize, rice, wheat and vegetables. Government's encouragement and general incentives to both large and small scale as well as peasant farming over the year, has been quite commendable.

Katsina city is a tourist attraction because of the wall that surrounds it with its seven different gates. The wall was built about 900 years ago during the reign of King Murabus. The Emirs palaces in Katsina and Daura are also tourist attractions because of their unique architectural structure.

The Katsina Teacher's College built in 1922 is the oldest institution of learning in the northern states. Its main attraction is the red-baked city mud with which it was built.

Another important tourist attraction is the Gobarau Minaret built about 300 years ago. It was built of baked clay and mud and has been a thing of wonder to the inhabitants of the city. Legend has it that in those days, because of its height, it was used for surveillance purposes from where warriors could see enemies advancing on the ancient city.


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